Montessori education is the most loved form of education in today’s generation.
This education is an amazing approach for a child to start with the initial years. The Montessori Education has proven better for the children rather than the traditional form of education. Therefore, parents nowadays are trusting for this type of education for their children rather than their parents’ education.
Here in this blog let us know and learn about this education.
Everything you need to know about Montessori education for your child is in this blog.
The generation in which we learned was the industrial age. Our learnings were focused on the book approach. Instead of building minds. But now the situation has changed and the generation has changed. It is the technological era. This era is more of a practical approach rather than a bookish approach. As per today’s generation, there is a lot of incorrect teaching going on. We want to make our kids think about the solution rather than follow what is bookish. Let’s get into the practical approach.
We know that every child is unique. They cannot be taught in the same way. They are much smarter than we were at their age and they don’t need the bookish approach. A practical way of teaching is the best teaching for them. This practical way is already approved by Japan. Now all the countries are trying to bring that. Montessori education is best for this.
We were also in schools but the teachers who taught us. They were not qualified enough to teach practically. You don’t want your child to learn the same things. Which were taught in your time because the times have changed.
There are more preschools than qualified or knowledgeable teachers. Most teachers lack the knowledge and skills to work with children. Most teachers teach children based on their experience.
Brain research shows that Montessori works wonderful with children. Children from Montessori schools are doing far better in their school years and life. As compared to other children. Montessori makes children very independent and confident. Montessori caters to children with different learning needs.
Let’s know a little more about Montessori education.
Montessori education is a Child-Centred approach. The CHILD is the main focus. Let’s keep the two education systems in front of each other to make you understand the difference.
- Old Education – Teacher Focused
- Montessori education – Child-Centered
Many schools are implementing Montessori nowadays. But just because Montessori is written on the board doesn’t mean it complies with the idea. Don’t fall into the trap. Check if these components match with the Montessori you are choosing for your children.
Montessori has 3 important components
- The Philosophy
- The Environment
- The Teacher
And there is one more important component that lies in between these components. That component is made up of these three components and without that component. The concept of Montessori education fails.
The component is – Child.
Montessori education is child-centered. Whatever happens, it happens with the ideology of keeping the child the topmost priority of the Montessori.
Let’s learn all those 3 components in detail.
Montessori’s philosophy is based on the understanding of the child.
The child has a pattern of Development. The child relies on 2 internal aids to help this pattern of development.
- The Absorbent Mind
- The Sensitive Period
- The Absorbent Mind
The impressions and interactions the child gains from his environment “does not merely enter his mind, they form it.”
Sensitive Periods for Order, Walking, Small objects, Language, Refinement of the senses, Social interest
A sensitive period is a block of time in the child’s life.
Once a sensitive period has passed, it will never return in the same way. The child is still able to learn the skill, but with greater difficulty.
You get a complete understanding of the child and this will help you to work with the child and not just ‘teach’ them a ‘curriculum’. The school setting is a conventional preschool setting.
We can also call the environmental ‘The Prepared Environment’
The Prepared Environment is an environment that allows:
- Maximum Independent Learning
- Exploration (hands-on learning)
- Social interaction
It is the Prepared Environment that distinguishes Montessori from all other educational systems. If you walk in the Prepared Environment, you will see.
- A variety of activity
- A lot of movement Children interacting
- Children working on their own choice of materials
- There is a lot of space and fewer tables and chairs
- The teacher is not ‘teaching the class
- There are no fancy charts on the walls – just some of the children’s work
The Prepared Environment has 6 Essential Components.
- Development of Community Life
- Structure & Order
- Reality & Nature
- Montessori Materials
- Atmosphere & Beauty
Montessori radically changed the role of the teacher. Instead of a commander, she would be a facilitator who ‘teaches little and observes much. Montessori called her the DIRECTRESS. Her main role is to Direct the child to find the best way to learn from the environment
The Directress plays a very important role in the Montessori Classroom. Directress is a catalyst. She activates the relationship between the child & the environment. Directress Prepares & organizes the materials to meet the needs of the child. She allows the child to discover on his own. Directress demonstrates the materials. She has a deep understanding of Montessori.
A directress not only does this all but she also brings philosophical thinking in the children which are important not only in education but also in life.
She is well trained. She has the Montessori knowledge. A good understanding of the child, the skills to observe the child, the skills to work with the child.
She has prepared herself. It is a ‘spiritual’ preparation – learning about herself and shedding pride and anger. This makes her: Humble. A great role model.
She knows how to implement the philosophy in the environment and bring out the best potential in the child.
Philosophy helps you understand the child. The prepared environment is crucial for the child’s learning and without the teacher, the whole Montessori system FAILS!
These were the basic 3 components of Montessori education.
Let’s understand the basic principles of Montessori.
Movement and cognition.
Without movement, there can’t be any learning. A child has to move to be able to learn. As a college-going adult, it is easy for him to sit on one bench and learn the class but children are quite agile. You can’t hold onto the children, make them sit, and make them learn, that’s bad because they won’t understand anything.
Do you remember yourself as a child sitting on a bench and understanding everything from the teacher who taught on the blackboard? That’s not a practical way. It’s better if we let the children move in the class and let them understand the environment. Take them to the park and practically provide the knowledge.
When you say your child that let’s do mathematics first and then science, would your child ever be happy?
Imagine that you work in an office and your boss gives you orders and timelines all the time. On top of that shouts at you. Would you ever feel happy about it? Then how we can expect a child to behave as we want. A child grows only when you give a chance to grow and give them their choice. When you want them to learn something then ask them to go on the shelf where books are kept. Choose something from what they want to learn. Give them the choice of choosing and then see the magic, they would definitely go and choose a subject of their choice. This happens in Montessori.
Development of interest in anything is important. For learning, it is very important for a student to be interested in the subject. Therefore it is important for children to be interested in what they learn at Montessori. This makes learning fun.
Extrinsic rewards can be avoided.
It is a myth that a child always seeks rewards for the thing they do. That’s the habit we pursue in them. They are like a clean slate, they engrave whatever we taught. If we teach them to work for rewards then they only work for that and once they stop getting it, they lose interest. It is best if we ask them to complete a thing without a reward.
Learning with the batch mates and ingraining new skills.
Montessori does the best thing. Children from the age group 2-6 learn in a Montessori therefore a child can learn new things from their seniors in the class. Also, the seniors develop a sense of leadership. This is best if children learn things with the batchmates.
Learning in context.
In Montessori education, the traditional way of teaching is not followed. Children are taught to learn practically. Children are taught to learn in context.
A preparer needs to be there in the Montessori. Because without a preparer the Montessori will fail. Adult interaction will bring a sense of discipline in the classroom.
Order in environment and mind.
When a child takes a thing from a shelf then it is important to teach a child to keep it back again over there so that there is an order maintained in the environment and mind. They must follow a particular order. But don’t shout at them to keep things in order. Instead, engrave that thing in their mind. Look at the thing and say that isn’t it supposed to be on the shelf, I think this thing belongs over there. Then see the magic, the child will get up and keep the thing in place and this is what is taught in Montessori education.